Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadyani and Ahmadiyya Jamaat

imageGhulām Ahmad (13 February 1835 – 26 May 1908) was an Indian religious leader and the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam. He claimed to have been divinely appointed as the promised Messiah and Mahdi, in the likeness of Jesus, in fulfilment of Islam’s eschatological (end time) prophecies, as well as the Mujaddid (centennial reviver) of the 14th Islamic century.

Initially he emerged as an Islamic scholar, preacher, debater and Islamic leader in 1870s. 1880s was the period of his fame. He got famous due to religious debates with Hindus and Christians. In one of his Lahore gatherings he offered British Queen to accept Islam and made it to the limelight. He was highly regarded after his challenge to blasphemer Dp. Abdulah Atham in 1893.

Mirza Qadyani was a remarkable debater and speaker. He used to regularly participate in religious gatherings and impress the crowd with his communication skills. During 1880s he started calling himself ‘Sahib ul Ilham’ (The one who receives revelations) in his first book ‘Braheen-e-Ahmedia’. It was a self proclaimed designation and was enough to pave way for his ultimate mission. Gradually he started calling himself ‘Mujad’did’ then ‘Muhadis’, then ‘Misl-e-Masih’ (like Hazrat Isa), then ‘Masih Ibne Maryam’ himself, then ‘Mehdi’ then ‘Imam-e-Akhri-uz-Zaman’ (Imam of last times) and then in 1901 he finally announced Prophethood.

After criticism from religious community he came up with logic of ‘Bazor Nabi’ or ‘Zilli Nabi’ (follower / deputy Prophet). Being shrewd and capable of amazing speaking skills he continued participating in gatherings and debates, bringing new logic to support his claims and even denouncing what is written in his own books. He was even seen erasing excerpts of his own books during a debate and asking scholars ‘Hor kuch mere laiq’ (anything else for me?). Still he never let go of his revelations title because that was the base of his false world.

Mirza had ‘Fuqaha’ / Scholars and ‘Sufis’ both as rivals. Until and unless he claimed to be Mehdi and Hazrat Isa, Fuqaha / scholars didn’t come out against him aggressively. Mirza had debates with Molana Sana Ullah Amartasri, Molana M. Hussain Batalvi, Molana Abdul Haq Ghaznavi and Molana Ghulam Dastagir Qusoori etc. Mirza had two strengths, his debating skills and use of media (at that time printing press). As soon as any debate finished books and banners started coming out claiming his false success stories. Unfortunately Ulamas were against printing press at that time. That trend continued today. After inception of Television they had their channels.

Mirza knew that most of the common people are associated with Sufis as compared to scholars / ulamas. He decided to influence them and use them. There were two main Sufi institutions at that time, Hazrat Ghulam fareed of Chachran Shareef and Pir Mahar Ali Shah of Golran Shareef. Mirza started writing letters to Hazrat Ghulam Fareed. He used to praise his poetry. He claimed to be a servant of Islam. Hazrat Ghulam Fareed was a kind hearted man and used to reply with love. He used those letters for publicity and endorsement.

In 1897 a delegation headed by Molana M. Hussain Batalvi met Hazrat Ghualam Fareed and gave evidences against Mirza. Unfortunately Hazrat Ghulam Fareed passed away in 1900 and much couldn’t be done.

Scholars eyed Pir Mahar Ali Shah as last ray of hope. Scholars from all school of thought Sunni, Shia and Ahl-e-Hadees went to meet him and asked for his help to counter this Fitna.

Mirzaiat / qadyaniat was spreading at rapid pace afterwards. To justify ahadees associated with Hazrat Isa’s arrival he started calling ‘Qadyan’ (city where Mirza was born and reason being called Qadyani) ‘Damascus’ and ‘Ludhiana’ as ‘Lud’ (As prophecies say that Hazrat Isa will come at Lud) He also made a minaret in Qadyan and climbed it starting ‘now this condition has also been completed’ (as per prophecy Hazrat Isa will come down from heavens on a Minaret)

Pir Mahar Ali Shah (R.A) wrote ‘Shams-ul-Hidaya’ to expose Mirza Qadyani. It explained the arrival of Hazrat Isa in the light of Quran and Hadees and categorically termed the claims of Mirza as wrong and based on falsehood.
Mirza wasn’t able to answer. Instead he challenged Pir Sahab with a ‘Mubahalah’ (A debate challenge. In Islamic tradition it refers to the ancient ceremony of mutually and formally calling God’s curse down upon whichever of the two parties was not speaking truthfully).

Qadyanis started a promotional campaign ‘Chalo Chalo Lahore Chalo’ to watch the debate between Mirza and Pir Mahar ali Shah at Badshahi Masjid Lahore.

On 25th of August 1900 Mir Sahab with leading scholars of subcontinent reached Lahore. Thousands of people gathered at Badshahi Masjid including Qadyanis. They waited on 25th and 26th but Mirza didn’t show up. On 27th of August huge gathering was arranged at Badshahi Masjid and speeches were delivered against Fitna of Mirza Qadyani. 60 scholars from every school of thought signed a petition / fatwa on ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwat’ stating Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) is the last prophet and anyone who does not believe on it is a ‘Kafir’ / non muslim. Many Qadyanis presented at that time repented and converted to Islam.

It was the first barrier to Mirza’s fitna. It did hurt his campaign badly it was not rooted out. Unfortunately there was no Islamic Government in the subcontinent or it would have been death penalty for Mirza Qadyani, following the Islamic tradition since first Caliph.

Lahore’s defeat was a huge blow to Mirza but he continued his campaign under British Raj. However it was now confined to Qadyan. In 1901 Mirza claimed prophethood. The ultimate goal he wanted to reach.

Molana Muhammad Hussain Batalwi obtained a Fatwa against Mirza Qadyani categorically labeling him a Kafir / Non Muslim. 200 scholars of subcontinent signed that fatwa.

In 1907 Molana Sana Ullah went to Qadyan and challenged Mirza for debate but he didn’t show up. It was the last nail in his coffin. This defeat made him angry and he became offensive. He started calling Molana Amartasri and Molana Batalvi, Abu Lahab and Abu Jahal.

In the return of Molana Amartasri’s challenge he published an ad with a prayer, asking Allah that whoever is wrong may die of diarrhea or plague in the life of opponent. Ad was followed by a prophecy that ‘India’s Abu Jahal’ (Molana Sana Ullah Amartasri) will die in 1908. This Prophecy was also published and widespread. Posters were also published forecasting the death of Pir Mahar Ali Shah in the same year. When Pir Mahar Ali Shah was told about Mirza’s propheyc about his death he, he said that ‘Zindagi aur maut to Allah ke hath men hai mager yad rakhna Mirza apni hi gandagi men gir ker marey ga’ (he will die in his own shit)

Allah’s decision came in May 1908. Diarrhea was chosen for Malo’on Mirza Qadyani. He was was in Lahore on 25th of May 1908 and after dinner he fell ill complaining motions and vomiting. His medic Hakeem Noor uddin was called and diarrhea was pronounced. Following to this Dr. Muhammd Husain Shah Lahori was called and injection was given. On 26th May 1908 he died of diarrhea.

News of death spread like fire. His followers were mourning while Muslims came out chanting Allah hu Akbar. His body was taken to Qadyan for funeral and ultimately biggest fitna of sub continent presented before his creator.

Pir Mahar Ali shah sahab lived for next 29 years and Molana Amartasri lived for next 40 years serving deen and spreading the light of Islam.

After Mirza’s death his followers were divided into two groups, ‘Lahori Group’, believing he was a religious leader and ‘Jamat-e-Ahmadia’ believing in him as ‘Zilli Nabi’ (deputy Prophet).
After Pakistan’s creation Ahmedis / Qadyanis left Qadyan and moved to Pakistan. They considered it an opportunity. They developed Chinab Nagar / Rabwa and made it their headquarter. Since then they have made it to key public positions and becoming part of multiple conspiracies against Pakistan. By 1955 they were on their peak. Books, Job offers, social work, educational institutions were some of the tools to move forward.

In Pakistan 1953 was considered as a key period for campaign against Qadyanis. Molana Ata Ullah Shah bukhari, Molana Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi and Molana Modoodvi made a lot of contributions to counter this Fitna. They were even sentenced death penalty by Military courts which were taken back on Islamic countries pressure.

On May 29 1974 muslim students were tortured by Qadyanis in ‘Rabwa’ Incident created wave of concerns among masses. On June 30 1974, Molana Shah Ahmed Norani submitted a resolution in National Assembly to declare Lahori group and Qadyanis as Non Muslims.

As per wishes of Lahori group and Qadyanis they were allowed to present their case in NA. Debate went for 2 months and even those who were not in favour of declaring Ahmedis non muslims, when got to know about Qadyanis’ beliefs, supported the resolution.

Finally history was made and Qadyanis were declared Non Muslims. Every year 7 September is commemorated as ‘Day of Khatm-e-Nubuwat’

Qadyanis were lucky that state only declared them Non Muslims and restricted them to hold public prayers and call their worship places as masjids. If they had been in a Shariah state they would have asked them to come back to basics or face death sentence.

Reason of this post was to give the complete picture. Belief of ‘Khatm-e-Nubuwat’, Hzrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W) being the last prophet is part of basic faith. It is equal to believing in one God, Quran and Day of judgement. Who ever has an even a negligible altered belief, is certainly not a Muslim.

References:
پیر مہر علی شاہ اور قادیانیت….فاروق درویش
محاسبہء قادیانیت……………….محمد آصف بھلی
کلمہ فصل………………..مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی
روحانی خزائن……………..مرزا غلام احمد قادیان

P.S: No part of this note promotes extremism or defends the idea of killing anyone

The God Question!

An Atheist Professor of Philosophy speaks to his class on the problem Science has with God, The Almighty. He asks one of his new students to stand and…..
Prof: So you believe in God?
Student: Absolutely, sir.
Prof: Is God good?
Student: Sure.
Prof: Is God all-powerful?
Student: Yes.
Prof: My brother died of cancer even though he prayed to God to heal him. Most of us would attempt to help others who are ill. But God didn’t. How is this God good then? Hmm?

(Student is silent.)

Prof: You can’t answer, can you? Let’s start again, young fellow. Is God good? Student: Yes.
Prof: Is Satan good?
Student: No.
Prof: Where does Satan come from?
Student: From…God…
Prof: That’s right. Tell me son, is there evil in this world? Student: Yes.
Prof: Evil is everywhere, isn’t it? And God did make everything. Correct? Student: Yes.
Prof: So who created evil?

Student does not answer.

Prof: Is there sickness? Immorality? Hatred? Ugliness? All these terrible things exist in the world, don’t they? Student: Yes, sir.
Prof: So, who created them?

Student has no answer.

Prof: Science says you have 5 senses you use to identify and observe the world around you. Tell me, son…Have you ever seen God? Student: No, sir.
Prof: Tell us if you have ever heard your God?
Student: No, sir.
Prof: Have you ever felt your God, tasted your God, smelt your God? Have you ever had any sensory perception of God for that matter? Student: No, sir. I haven’t.
Prof: Yet you still believe in Him?
Student: Yes.
Prof: According to empirical, testable, demonstrable protocol, science says your GOD doesn’t exist. What do you say to that, son? Student: Nothing. I only have my faith.
Prof: Yes. Faith. And that is the problem science has.

Student: Professor, is there such a thing as heat?
Prof: Yes.
Student: And is there such a thing as cold?
Prof: Yes.
Student: No sir. There isn’t.

(The lecture theatre becomes very quiet with this turn of events.)

Student: Sir, you can have lots of heat, even more heat, superheat, mega heat, white heat, a little heat or no heat. But we don’t have anything called cold. We can hit 458 degrees below zero which is no heat, but we can’t go any further after that. There is no such thing as cold. Cold is only a word we use to describe the absence of heat. We cannot measure cold. Heat is energy. Cold is not the opposite of heat, sir, just the absence of it.

(There is pin-drop silence in the lecture theatre.)

Student: What about darkness, Professor? Is there such a thing as darkness? Prof: Yes. What is night if there isn’t darkness?
Student: You’re wrong again, sir. Darkness is the absence of something. You can have low light, normal light, bright light, flashing light….But if you have no light constantly, you have nothing and it’s called darkness, isn’t it? In reality, darkness isn’t. If it were you would be able to make darkness darker, wouldn’t you? Prof: So what is the point you are making, young man?
Student: Sir, my point is your philosophical premise is flawed. Prof: Flawed? Can you explain how?
Student: Sir, you are working on the premise of duality. You argue there is life and then there is death, a good God and a bad God. You are viewing the concept of God as something finite, something we can measure. Sir, science can’t even explain a thought. It uses electricity and magnetism, but has never seen, much less fully understood either one. To view death as the opposite of life is to be ignorant of the fact that death cannot exist as a substantive thing. Death is not the opposite of life: just the absence of it. Now tell me, Professor. Do you teach your students that they evolved from a monkey?
Prof: If you are referring to the natural evolutionary process, yes, of course, I do. Student: Have you ever observed evolution with your own eyes, sir?

(The Professor shakes his head with a smile, beginning to realize where the argument is going.)

Student: Since no one has ever observed the process of evolution at work and cannot even prove that this process is an on-going endeavor, are you not teaching your opinion, sir? Are you not a scientist but a preacher?

(The class is in uproar.)

Student: Is there anyone in the class who has ever seen the Professor’s brain?

(The class breaks out into laughter.)

Student: Is there anyone here who has ever heard the Professor’s brain, felt it, touched or smelt it? No one appears to have done so. So, according to the established rules of empirical, stable, demonstrable protocol, science says that you have no brain, sir. With all due respect, sir, how do we then trust your lectures, sir?

(The room is silent. The professor stares at the student, his face unfathomable.)

Prof: I guess you’ll have to take them on faith, son.
Student: That is it sir… The link between man &God is FAITH . That is all that keeps things moving and alive.

You might be interesting in watching these video too: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Assalamu-Alaikum-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%83%D9%85/262053530585998

WHY WE SHOUT IN ANGER?

A sufi saint who was visiting a river to take bath found a group of family members on the banks, shouting in anger at each other. He turned to his disciples smiled and asked. ‘Why do people shout in anger shout at each other?’
Disciples thought for a while, one of them said, ‘Because we lose our calm, we shout.’
‘But, why should you shout when the other person is just next to you? You can as well tell him what you have to say in a soft manner.’ asked the saint Disciples gave some other answers but none satisfied the other disciples.
Finally the saint explained, . ‘When two people are angry at each other, their hearts distance a lot. To cover that distance they must shout to be able to hear each other. The angrier they are, the stronger they will have to shout to hear each other to cover that great distance. What happens when two people fall in love? They don’t shout at each other but talk softly, Because their hearts are very close. The distance between them is either nonexistent or very small…’ The saint continued, ‘When they love each other even more, what happens? They do not speak, only whisper and they get even closer to each other in their love. Finally they even need not whisper, they only look at each other and that’s all. That is how close two people are when they love each other.’ He looked at his disciples and said. ‘So when you argue do not let your hearts get distant, Do not say words that distance each other more, Or else there will come a day when the distance is so great that you will not find the path to return.’

Story of a True Human

Dr. Ravindra Koelhe, MD, lives and runs a clinic in Melghat, Maharashtra, India. His fee is Rs. 2 for the first consultation and Rs. 1 for the second. Apart from being a doctor, he is also a social worker.
Dr. Koelhe was first recognized after he filed a case against government who failed its duty to protect the Korku tribals of the region.
After completing his MBBS from Nagpur University, he decided to work in rural India.
An ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave, he was also influenced by Ruskin Bond who wrote, ‘If you want to serve mankind, go and work among the poorest and most neglected.’
Instead of discussing what the government should do for the tribals, Dr. Koelhe firmly believes that the tribals should be taught to be independent and demand what is theirs. It has been 24 years now since, Koelhe had been serving these people.
When he arrived at Melghat, the infant mortality rate was close to 200 per 1,000 babies, now the count has been reduced to 60. In this wilderness, Dr Koelhe has stayed on to alleviate the misery of the tribals, when he really had other options. He had done this because he is a TRUE HUMAN

The Wall

A female CNN journalist heard about a very old Jewish man who had been going to the Western Wall to pray, twice a day, every day, for a long, long time. So she went to check it out.
She went to the Western Wall and there he was, walking slowly up to the holy site. She watched him pray and after about 45 minutes, when he turned to leave, using a cane and moving very slowly, she approached him for an interview.
“Pardon me, sir, I’m Rebecca Smith from CNN. What’s your name? “Morris Feinberg,” he replied.
“Sir, how long have you been coming to the Western Wall and praying?” “For about 60 years.”
“60 years! That’s amazing! What do you pray for?”
“I pray for peace between the Christians, Jews and the Muslims. I pray for all the wars and all the hatred to stop. I pray for all our children to grow up safely as responsible adults and to love their fellow man. I pray that politicians tell us the truth and put the interests of the people ahead of their own interests.”
“How do you feel after doing this for 60 years?”
“Like I’m talking to a wall!!”

Shared grief is half the sorrow, but happiness when shared, is doubled.

Two men, both seriously ill, occupied the same hospital room.

One man was allowed to sit up in his bed for an hour each afternoon to help drain the fluid from his lungs. His bed was next to the room’s only window. The other man had to spend all his time flat on his back.

The men talked for hours on end. They spoke of their wives and families, their homes, their jobs, their involvement in the military service, where they had been on vacation..

Every afternoon, when the man in the bed by the window could sit up, he would pass the time by describing to his roommate all the things he could see outside the window. The man in the other bed began to live for those one hour periods where his world would be broadened and enlivened by all the activity and colour of the world outside.

The window overlooked a park with a lovely lake. Ducks and swans played on the water while children sailed their model boats. Young lovers walked arm in arm amidst flowers of every colour and a fine view of the city skyline could be seen in the distance.

As the man by the window described all this in exquisite details, the man on the other side of the room would close his eyes and imagine this picturesque scene.

One warm afternoon, the man by the window described a parade passing by. Although the other man could not hear the band – he could see it in his mind’s eye as the gentleman by the window portrayed it with descriptive words.

Days, weeks and months passed. One morning, the day nurse arrived to bring water for their baths only to find the lifeless body of the man by the window, who had died peacefully in his sleep. She was saddened and called the hospital attendants to take the body away. As soon as it seemed appropriate, the other man asked if he could be moved next to the window. The nurse was happy to make the switch, and after making sure he was comfortable, she left him alone.

Slowly, painfully, he propped himself up on one elbow to take his first look at the real world outside. He strained to slowly turn to look out the window besides the bed. It faced a blank wall. The man asked the nurse what could have compelled his deceased roommate who had described such wonderful things outside this window. The nurse responded that the man was blind and could not even see the wall. She said, ‘Perhaps he just wanted to encourage you.’

Epilogue: There is tremendous happiness in making others happy, despite our own situations. Shared grief is half the sorrow, but happiness when shared, is doubled.
If you want to feel rich, just count all the things you have that money can’t buy.

‘Today is a gift, that is why it is called The Present .’

The Secret of Prosperity for developing countries like Pakistan

The latter decades of the 20th century are marked as a period of a rapid technological growth. Besides information and communication technologies, significant developments were achieved in a multitude of areas including agriculture, power generation, alternative energies, industrial productivity, etc.

For developed countries, scientific innovations and researches have for long been an inevitable tool for strengthening national economy.

The foundations of the 21st century identity of India and China as rapidly growing world economies were laid with the governments’ acceptance of the importance of science and technology in development. Following frequent blows from Europeans in the 19th century, the Chinese regime’s realization of the value of science and technology enabled Chinese technology to regain its pace that was lost four centuries ago. Then, the monarchy had withdrawn its interest on the subject, assuming it to be trivial. Until the 14th century, when the country came up with many notable scientific innovations, China made remarkable contributions to the Asian economy.
Four Chinese inventions–paper, gun powder, printing and compass (known as the Four Great Inventions) were especially appreciated for the prominent role they played in then China. With the efforts of modern Chinese reformists, the science and technology sector of China has been flourishing as an independent discipline.
The field of scientific research and development is increasingly gaining priority in China. The Gross Domestic Expenditure in Research and Development (GERD) has increased by 22.8 percent on average since 2000. The highest fraction of the allotted budget now is being spent on experimental developments, and attempts are being made to raise investments for applied researches. Higher expenditures in researches and an enthusiastic involvement of business enterprises in the sector are playing important roles in increasing the GDP. The multilateral efforts have enabled China to rely on its own technological innovations to some extent. The ongoing developments in indigenous technologies are manifested in fields like agriculture, manufacture of electronics, production of synthetic goods etc. All of these things together are establishing China as a leading economy.

The flourishing economy of the ancient Indian subcontinent was based on its innovations in the then relevant areas like shipping, mining, baking earthen artifacts, etc. The prosperous Vedic community became enriched by discoveries on medication, astrology and mathematics. These technologies greatly increased the standing of this community among human civilizations. Inability of the scientific community to keep the spirit of novelty and discoveries alive eventually kicked the territory back from the technology scenario. In the colonial period, the British emperors brought along the power of science and intellect, which, in combination with tactful political strategies, they used to dominate and rule Indian society. After independence, technologies, especially in automobile engineering, nuclear science and information technology, greatly contributed to India’s economic growth. Some powerful political leaders in Nepal take the adjoining Indian states as development models for their own country.

The economic growth in different Indian states, including in states previously lagging behind, is a consequence of the increasing investments that the government has been making in the field of scientific research and technology development, coupled with improved governance. Even in harsh economic times, India has been making a 1/5th increment to science budget every year. Indian agriculture is not limited to development of dams, irrigation facilities, and proper supply of farm essentials. Rather, it is increasingly assisted by modern technologies. Besides, the Indian industrial sector including automobiles, textiles, pharmaceuticals, software, etc is vigorously growing.

The nations that are in the race of becoming prospective world powers have been using science and technology as the most efficient tool to accomplish their purposes.

While our two large neighbors are taking a big leap in the development and use of technologies, the situation in our own country is disappointing. We are not simply lagging behind with regards to the scientific innovations, because actually we have not even started walking. Our agriculture sector, which is claimed to make the highest contribution to the GDP, has failed to progress amidst debates of how to augment farm yield through traditional methods. Instead of applying modern technologies, many industries are getting closed. In this situation, the possibility of using native technologies in agriculture or industries is a far cry. The scientific research sector has always been sluggish in Pakistan due to government indifference, corruption and uncertainty. The universities in the country, which are supposed to be the centers of research activities, are almost non-functional. Instead of carrying out their jobs, officials are busy pleasing political power centers for their own development. This sector has been polluted by political and bureaucratic influences. Instead of scientists, bureaucrats are leading the field. General complaints are that the largest fraction of the scanty budget allocated to scientific researches is either embezzled or is spent for purposes like international visits of the officials. Most of the scientists, who are working on grants from foreign agencies, expend their skills on planning how to manipulate expenditure so that a large amount of the grants can go to their own pockets.

If we are to move ahead in the race of development, all these problems of the scientific communities must be solved and technological innovations promoted. If not, we can never progress from being mere consumers of foreign products and gadgets.

How the calendar lost 11 days and concept of Paid Leaves and April Fools Day was born

Here is an interesting historical fact.
Just have a look at the calendar for the month of September 1752.
Go to Google type “September 1752 calendar” and see for yourself.
You will notice, 11 days are simply missing from the month.

Here’s the explanation:
This was the month during which England shifted from the Roman Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar. A Julian year was 11 days longer than a Gregorian year. So, the King of England ordered 11 days to be wiped off the face of that particular month.

The Paid Leaves:
The workers worked for 11 days less that month, but got paid for the whole month. That’s how the concept of “paid leave” was born.

The April Fools’ Day:
In the Roman Julian Calendar, April used to be the first month of the year; but the Gregorian Calendar observed January as the first month. Even after shifting to the Gregorian Calendar, many people refused to give up old traditions and continued celebrating 1st April as the New Year’s Day.
When simple orders didn’t work, the King finally issued a Royal dictum; which stated that those who celebrated 1st April as the new year’s day would be labelled as fools. From then on, 1st April became April Fools’ Day.

Something similar happened to the Calendar in October 1582 too: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-happened-to-the-calendar-in-october-1582.htm

Never underestimate the power of a common man – True Story

Once upon a time, there lived a man with his wife in a mountain surrounded village in India.
One day his wife got sick and she died while going through the long 70km route around the peaks to the nearest doctor.
The man cried, and thought to make life easier for others so that no one dies because of this route delay.
On a morning of 1960, the 48 year old man alone started to dig the mountain to make a shorter path to the nearest town having a hospital.
He worked hard day and night, he got mocked by villagers for doing an insanely impossible task.
At last after stone breaking of 22 years he carved a 360ft long and 30ft wide path through the mountain. Reducing 70km distance to just 15km.

The man was Dashrath Manjhi (died 17.08.2007).
Salute!

Source: Wikipedia, Indian blogs, Indian newspapers.

Ancient horse’s asses control almost everything!

The US standard railroad gauge (distance between the rails) is 4 feet, 8.5 inches. That’s an exceedingly odd number.

Why was that gauge used?
Because that’s the way they built them in England , and English expatriates designed the US railroads.

Why did the English build them like that?
Because the first rail lines were built by the same people who built the pre-railroad tramways, and that’s the gauge they used.

Why did ‘they’ use that gauge then?
Because the people who built the tramways used the same jigs and tools that they had used for building wagons, which used that wheel spacing.

Why did the wagons have that particular odd wheel spacing?
Well, if they tried to use any other spacing, the wagon wheels would break on some of the old, long distance roads in England , because that’s the spacing of the wheel ruts.

So who built those old rutted roads?
Imperial Rome built the first long distance roads in Europe (including England) for their legions. Those roads have been used ever since.

And the ruts in the roads?
Roman war chariots formed the initial ruts, which everyone else had to match for fear of destroying their wagon wheels. Since the chariots were made for Imperial Rome , they were all alike in the matter of wheel spacing.

Therefore the United States standard railroad gauge of 4 feet, 8.5 inches is derived from the original specifications for an Imperial Roman war chariot. Bureaucracies live forever.

So the next time you are handed a specification/ procedure/process and wonder ‘What horse’s ass came up with this?’, you may be exactly right.
Imperial Roman army chariots were made just wide enough to accommodate the rear ends of two war horses. (Two horses’ asses.)

Now, the twist to the story:
When you see a Space Shuttle sitting on its launch pad, there are two big booster rockets attached to the sides of the main fuel tank. These are solid rocket boosters, or SRBs. The SRBs are made by Thiokol at their factory in Utah.
The engineers who designed the SRBs would have preferred to make them a bit fatter, but the SRBs had to be shipped by train from the factory to the launch site. The railroad line from the factory happens to run through a tunnel in the mountains, and the SRBs had to fit through that tunnel. The tunnel is slightly wider than the railroad track, and the railroad track, as you now know, is about as wide as two horses’ behinds.
So, a major Space Shuttle design feature of what is arguably the world’s most advanced transportation system was determined over two thousand years ago by the width of a horse’s ass. And you thought being a horse’s ass wasn’t important?

Ancient horse’s asses control almost everything Believe it or not. Basic parameters of the space shuttle was restricted to the size of the rump of Roman Royal war horses!!!